The mission of the international FAIR particle accelerator facility in Darmstadt is to unravel unsolved secrets regarding the structure of matter and the evolution of the Universe. FAIR will generate particle beams of a previously unparalleled intensity and quality. Ions of all the natural elements in the periodic table, as well as antiprotons, can be accelerated.
Cutting-edge technologies and extremely innovative measuring methods and techniques are being developed for the unique FAIR particle accelerator facility. This holds true for superconducting magnets and an ultra-high vacuum including cryogenics, the necessary development of new materials up to the computing infrastructure using a new high performance and extremely energy- and cost efficient computer centre for being able to deal with the high data rate of up to 1 TB/s.
FAIR provides new insights into the structure of matter and the evolution of the universe from the Big Bang until today. Here, it is possible to create states of matter in the laboratory that otherwise only exist in the universe e.g. in stellar explosions or in the core of planets.